WOODVILLE

SIR RICHARD WOODVILLE (1405-1469), EARL RIVERS from 1448, son of Richard Woodville, a squire from Maidstone, Kent, he was the father of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England. He was executed in 1469 by the Earl of Warwick, known as “Warwick the Kingmaker.”
JACQUETTA DE ST POL, DUCHESS OF BEDFORD “JACQUETTA OF LUXEMBOURG” (born circa 1416, died 1472). Married (a) John, Duke of Bedford (1389-1435) brother to King Henry V, (b) Sir Richard Woodville. She was the eldest daughter of Peter I, Count of St Pol and Margherita del Balzo of Andria.  Jacquetta had no children with her first husband, but had nine daughters and five sons who survived to adulthood with Sir Richard Woodville, including Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England. During her lifetime, she was widely perceived to be a sorceress, and was accused of practicing the Black Arts to secure Edward IV as a husband for her daughter.
QUEEN ÉLISABETH WOODVILLE “THE SERPENT” (born circa 1437, died 1492), eldest daughter of Sir Richard Woodville and Jacquetta de St Pol. Married (a) Sir John Grey of Groby (born circa 1432, died 1461), (b) King Edward IV (1442-1483). She was the mother of the Little Princes in the Tower.
SIR ANTHONY WOODVILLE, (born circa 1440, died 1483) BARON SCALES, 2ND EARL RIVERS from 1469, eldest son and heir of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta de St Pol. He was brother to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England. During his lifetime, Sir Anthony garnered a reputation for being a great jouster, a man of letters, and for piety. He was entrusted with the guardianship of Edward, Prince of Wales, later Edward V, the son and heir of Edward IV. In June, 1483, he was executed by Richard of Gloucester.
SIR RICHARD WOODVILLE (born circa 1453, died 1491), 3RD EARL RIVERS from 1483, he was a younger brother of Élisabeth Woodville Queen of England and Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers.
SIR JOHN WOODVILLE (1445-1469), brother to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, he married Cecylee’s sister Cath in January 1465, when he was nineteen and she was sixty-seven. At the time, this was called the Diabolical Marriage. He was executed in 1469 by the Earl of Warwick, known as “Warwick the Kingmaker.”
SIR EDWARD WOODVILLE “NED” (born circa 1455, died 1488) a younger brother to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England. Made Admiral of the Fleet by King Edward IV, he never married.
ANNE WOODVILLE, VISCOUNTESS BOURCHIER (born circa 1439, died 1489) a sister of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to (a) William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier, and (b) George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent. Anne had three children with her first husband, and shortly after his death in 1480, she married George Grey and had one son, who became the 3rd Earl of Kent.
JACQUETTA WOODVILLE “JACQUELINE”, BARONESS STRANGE (1444-1509), a sister of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to John Le Strange, 8th Baron Strange of Knockin.
MARTHA WOODVILLE, LADY BROMLEY (1450-1500), a younger sister to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to Sir John Bromley in 1465, when she was about 15 years old.
ELEANOR WOODVILLE, LADY GREY (1452-1512) a sister of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to Sir Anthony Grey in 1467, when she was fifteen years old.
MARGARET WOODVILLE, COUNTESS OF ARUNDEL (1454-1490), a sister to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to Thomas Fitzalan, Baron Maltravers in October 1464, when he was fourteen years old and she was ten. Thomas later became the 17th Earl of Arundel.
MARY WOODVILLE, COUNTESS OF PEMBROKE (born circa 1456, died circa 1479) a sister of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to William Herbert, Lord Dunster, 2nd Earl of Pembroke when he was fifteen years old, and she was ten. They had one child, a daughter named “Elizabeth” in honor of her famous aunt.
CATHERINE WOODVILLE, DUCHESS OF BUCKINGHAM (1458-1497), a sister to Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to (a) Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, (b) Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke and (c) Sir Richard Wingfield.
AGNES WOODVILLE (born circa 1460, died 1506) a sister of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, she was married to William Dormer.
SIR JOHN GREY OF GROBY (born circa 1432, died 1461) was the son and heir of Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Ferrers of Groby and Sir Edward Grey. He was married to Élisabeth Woodville circa 1452 and they had two children: Thomas Grey, who later became Marquess of Dorset, and Sir Richard Grey. Sir John was killed at the Second Battle of St. Albans in 1461.
THOMAS GREY, FIRST MARQUESS OF DORSET (born circa 1454, died 1501), elder son of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England, by her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. Deputy Constable of the Tower of London, he was married to (a) Anne Holland, daughter of Cecylee’s daughter Nan and (b) Cecily Bonville, a wealthy heiress and a grand-daughter of Richard Neville 5th Earl of Salisbury. It is possible that this grand-daughter was named after Salisbury’s famous sister Cecylee Neville.
SIR RICHARD GREY (born circa 1457, died 1483), younger son of Queen Élisabeth Woodville by her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. He was executed by Richard of Gloucester, on his way to becoming King Richard III.
EDWARD OF WESTMINSTER, PRINCE OF WALES (1470-1483), uncrowned King Edward V from April 9, 1483. He was the son and heir of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville. One of the Little Princes in the Tower, he disappeared in the Tower of London in July 1483, and was probably murdered shortly thereafter. He is unlikely to have survived to adulthood since he had a serious ear infection that would have killed him, even if he hadn’t been murdered.
RICHARD OF SHREWSBURY (1473-1483) 1ST DUKE OF YORK from 1474, second son of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville. In January 1478, when he was about four years old, he married the five-year-old Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, who had inherited the vast Mowbray estates in 1476. He was the younger of the Little Princes in the Tower. Like his elder brother, Edward V, Richard disappeared in July 1483, and was probably murdered shortly thereafter. Alternatively, he could have been smuggled on a boat to Burgundy, and returned to England in July, 1495, bearing the name Perkin Warbeck. Perkin Warbeck was executed by Henry VII in 1499.
ELIZABETH OF YORK “LADY BESSY”, QUEEN OF ENGLAND (1466-1503), eldest daughter of King Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville, and his heiress on the deaths of her brothers The Little Princes in the Tower, she was rumored to have had an unsavory liaison with her uncle Richard III. She married Henry VII in 1486 and founded the Tudor dynasty. She was the mother of Henry VIII, and died on her birthday, February 11, due to the effects of childbirth.
CECILY OF YORK, VISOUNTESS WELLES (1469-1507), second surviving daughter of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville, she was Cecylee’s namesake granddaughter. She was married to (a) Thomas Scrope, 6th Baron Scrope of Masham, (b) John Welles, 1st Viscount Welles, (c) Thomas Kyme, Kymbe, or Keme, otherwise called Sir John Keme or Kene, of the Isle of Wight.
ANNE OF YORK, COUNTESS OF SURREY (1475-1511), third surviving daughter of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville. In 1494 or 1495, Anne was married to Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Surrey. They had no surviving children.
CATHERINE OF YORK, COUNTESS OF DEVON (1479-1527), fourth surviving daughter of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville. In 1495, Catherine was married to William Courtenay, the eldest son and heir-of Edward Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon. They had three children.
BRIDGET OF YORK (1480-1517), fifth surviving daughter of Edward IV and Élisabeth Woodville. Princess Bridget is believed to have been entrusted to Dartford Priory, Dartford in 1487, when she was seven years old.
MARGARET DE BAUX or DEL BALZO (1394-1469) was the daughter of Francesco del Balzo and his third wife Sueva Orsini. The del Balzo (de Baux) family of the Kingdom of Naples had its origins in Provence dating back to the 11th Century. She was married to Peter of Luxembourg, Count de St. Pol in 1405, when she was around eleven years old and he was fifteen. They had nine children, including Jacquetta de St. Pol, the mother of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England.
PETER I, COUNT OF ST POL (1390-1433), was the son and heir of John of Luxembourg. Through his father, he was related to Henry III of England. Peter was also a distant cousin to John of Luxembourg (1296-1346), the father of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1405, Peter was married to Margaret de Baux (or Margherita del Balzo), daughter of Francesco del Balzo and his third wife Sueva Orsini.
SUEVA ORSINI (born 1360, died circa 1423). Sueva was an Orsini princess, and a descendant of Simon de Montfort and his wife Eleanor Plantagenet. She was Francesco del Balzo’s third wife. They had at least three children, including Margaret de Baux, grandmother of Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England.
SIMON DE MONTFORT, 6TH EARL OF LEICESTER (born circa 1208, died 1265) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman. He led the baron’s rebellion against Henry III of England during the Second Baron’s War of 1263-4, and subsequently became de facto ruler of England. During his rule, de Montfort called the first directly-elected parliament in medieval Europe. For this reason, de Montfort is regarded today as one of the progenitors of modern parliamentary democracy. De Montfort was married to Eleanor Plantagenet, one of Alainor of Aquitaine’s granddaughters.
LADY ELEANOR PLANTAGENET, COUNTESS OF LEICESTER (1215-1275), youngest daughter of John the Bad, King of England and his second wife Isabelle d’Angoulême, she was one of Alainor of Aquitaine’s granddaughters. In 1224, when she was nine years old, Eleanor was married to 34-year-old William Marshal, who died after five years of marriage, leaving her a widow at the age of fourteen. On January 7, 1238, Eleanor secretly married Simon de Montfort, without the permission of her brother, Henry III of England. Eleanor and Simon had seven children. One of her descendants was Élisabeth Woodville, Queen of England

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