MISCELLANEOUS CHARACTERS

AMADEUS VIII, COUNT OF SAVOY (1383-1451), ANTIPOPE FELIX V from November 1439 to April 1449. He was married to Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and they had nine children.
BIRGITTA BIRGERSDOTTER “SAINT BRIDGET OF SWEDEN” (1303-1373); was a mystic and saint, and founder of the Bridgettine Order after the death of her husband. The most celebrated saint of Sweden, she was also the mother of a saint, Saint Catherine of Vadstena. She was Cecylee’s favorite saint, and a book of her prayers was found in Cecylee’s possession after her death.
BONA OF SAVOY (1449-1503), younger sister of Charlotte of Savoy, who was Louis XI’s queen, was considered as a possible bride for Edward IV. In 1468, she was married to Galeazzo Maria Sforza and became Duchess of Milan.
CHARLES DE VALOIS, DUKE D’ORLÉANS (1394-1465. He was captured by the English in 1415 after the victory at Agincourt, and remained a prisoner for 24 years, during which time he wrote over 500 poems. He must have been charming, for his English captors became his best friends.
ISABELLA OF CASTILE (1451-1504), daughter of John II of Castile, was considered a possible bride for Edward IV. She married Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469, unified Spain, and became the mother of Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII. She was descended from John of Gaunt via his second marriage to Constanza of Castile.
JOHN MORTON, BISHOP OF ELY (1420-1500). ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY from 1486, CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND from 1487. Originator of “Morton’s Fork” as a full-proof method of collecting fines.
JOHN TALBOT, 1ST EARL OF SHREWSBURY (1390-1453). He is remembered for his dashing bravery in trying to win back the territories around Bordeaux for the English. His murder by the French at Castillon is thought, by some historians, to have precipitated Henry VI’s 16-month bout of madness, which modern doctors think was probably catatonic schizophrenia.
JOHN DE VERE, 12TH EARL OF OXFORD (1408-1462), the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford, he married the wealthy heiress Lady Elizabeth Howard, “Bess” in ONE SEED. In later life, he became a Lancastrian supporter. He was convicted of high treason and beheaded by the Edward IV on Tower Hill in 1462.
ABBOT JOHN WHETHAMSTEAD (died 1465), the Abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Albans, he was closely associated with the humanistic work of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester.
LAMBERT SIMNEL (born circa 1477, died circa 1525). Of humble origins in Oxford, his family background is obscure. Noting a striking similarity to Edward IV (who had many bastards), a local priest named Roger Simon or Richard Symonds spread a rumor that he was the Earl of Warwick, son and heir of George, Duke of Clarence. John de la Pole, one of Cecylee’s grandsons and Richard III’s designated heir joined the rebellion, and Lambert was crowned in Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin on May 24, 1487. After the collapse of the rebellion, Lambert was pardoned by Henry VII, who put him to work in the castle kitchens as a turn-spit. He later became a laborer and died of natural causes in 1525.
LEONARDO BRUNI “ARETINO” (born circa 1370, died 1444), was an Italian humanist who has been called the first modern historian.
LOUIS XI“LOUIS THE SPIDER” (1423-1483) KING OF FRANCE from 1461. He was the son of Charles VII of France and Marie d’Anjou. Shrewd and often vicious, he spun webs of plot and conspiracy which earned him the nickname “THE SPIDER.” When he died in August of 1483, few people mourned his passing.
MARIE D’ANJOU, QUEEN OF FRANCE (1404-1463), eldest daughter of Louis II of Anjou and Yolande of Aragon, she married Charles VII of France in 1422. She was aunt to Marguerite d’Anjou, Queen of England.
MARY OF GUELDERS (born circa 1434, died December 1463) QUEEN CONSORT OF SCOTLAND from 1449, QUEEN REGENT from 1460, she was the daughter of Arnold of Guelders and wife of James II of Scotland. She acted as regent for her son James III of Scotland until her death in 1463. When Marguerite d’Anjou fled north to Scotland in 1461, Mary at first helped her, later switching sides to support Edward IV.
MEDICI FAMILY was a political dynasty, banking family and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de’ Medici in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th century. The family originated in the Mugello region of the Tuscan countryside, and were, perhaps, doctors. Their bank was the largest in Europe during the 15th century, and allowed the Medici gain political power in Florence.
MELUSINA (or MELUSINE) is a figure of European legends and folklore, a feminine spirit of fresh waters in sacred springs and rivers. The Counts of Anjou are supposedly descended from Melusina. Thus she would have been an ancestress of both Cecylee (via Henry II and Edward III) and Élisabeth Woodville (via Henry II and Alainor of Aquitaine’s granddaughter Eleanor Plantagenet).
PERKIN WARBECK (born circa 1474, died 1499) may have been the son or foster-son of Jehan de Werbecque. His mother may have been Werbecque’s wife Katherine de Faro. Alternatively, he may have been the illegitimate son of Edward IV and Katherine de Faro, fathered during Edward’s enforced stay in Burgundy during 1470-1471. Or he may have been Richard, Duke of York (born 1473), younger son of Edward IV, who had been smuggled out of London by his mother Élisabeth Woodville. Perkin Warbeck was executed by Henry VII in 1499.
PHILIPPE DE SAVOY, COUNT OF GENEVA (1417-1444). Youngest son of Count Amadeus VIII of Savoy, who became the Antipope Felix V. Little is known about Philippe de Savoy, except that he never married.
ROBERT STILLINGTON (1420-1491) BISHOP OF BATH & WELLS, from 1465, he served as Chancellor of England twice under Edward IV. He married Edward IV to Lady Eleanor Talbot probably sometime in 1462.
THOMAS BOURCHIER, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY (born circa 1404, died 1486) he was a younger brother to Henry, Viscount Bourchier, and therefore brother-in-law to Cecylee’s husband Richard of York.
THOMAS KEMPE, BISHOP OF LONDON from 1448 to 1489.
THOMAS ROTHERHAM (1423-1500). ARCHBISHOP OF YORK from 1480, he was one of the celebrants at the funeral mass of Edward IV.
WILLIAM HASTINGS, (born circa 1430, died 1483) he was Edward IV’S boon companion and best friend and served him as Lord Chamberlain and Ambassador to France. He was executed without trial by Richard, Duke of Gloucester for conspiring with Élisabeth Woodville, the dowager queen of England.

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