LANCASTER

JOHN PLANTAGENET DUKE OF LANCASTER, “JOHN OF GAUNT” (1340-1399). The third son of King Edward III, he married (a) Blanche of Lancaster, (b) Constance of Castile (c) Catrine de Roet (Lady Katherine Swynford). By his first wife Blanche, he was the father of King Henry IV of England. By his second wife Constance, he was father to Queen Catherine of Castile. By his third wife Catrine, he was father to Joan de Beaufort and her three brothers. He was therefore Cecylee’s grandfather.
HENRY OF BOLINGBROKE (1367-1413), KING HENRY IV OF ENGLAND from 1399, son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his first wife, the wealthy Lancaster heiress Blanche de Grosmont. He deposed King Richard II in 1399, becoming King Henry IV.
HENRY V, KING OF ENGLAND (1387-1422). Victor at Agincourt in 1415, he was a strong leader who died suddenly of dysentery. Father of Henry VI.
CATRINE DE VALOIS (1401-1437), daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabelle of Bavaria (the patroness of Christine de Pizan), Catrine married Henry V of England in 1420 as part of the peace settlement after Agincourt. She had one child with Henry V, a son who became Henry VI of England. After Henry V’s death in 1422, she had a relationship with Owen ap Maredudd ap Tudor, (known as Owen Tudor in England) and produced five children, including Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond and Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke. The Tudor Dynasty descends from Edmund Tudor.
JOHN PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF BEDFORD (1389-1435) younger brother to Henry V of England, uncle to Henry VI. Negotiated marriage between Richard, Duke of York and Cecylee Neville. Married (a) Anne of Burgundy (died 1432), and (b) Jacquetta de St Pol.
JACQUETTA DE ST POL, DUCHESS OF BEDFORD “JACQUETTA OF LUXEMBOURG” (born circa 1416, died 1472). Married (a) John, Duke of Bedford (1389-1435) brother to King Henry V, (b) Sir Richard Woodville. She was the eldest daughter of Peter I, Count of St Pol and Margherita del Balzo of Andria.  Jacquetta had no children with her first husband. (See Woodville).
HUMPHREY PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF GLOUCESTER (1390-1447), younger brother to King Henry V. Married (a) Jacqueline, Countess of Hainault and Holland, (b) Eleanor Cobham, his mistress. Negotiated marriage between Richard and Cecylee. Beloved mentor and friend to Richard of York. Head of the opposition to the Court Party.
ELEANOR COBHAM (born circa 1400, died between 1452 and 1454). She was the daughter of Reginald Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham, and his first wife, Eleanor Culpeper. She was the mistress, then second wife of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester. In 1441, she was convicted of trying to kill Henry VI by means of witchcraft, and imprisoned for the rest of her life.
HENRY VI “HENRY OF LANCASTER”(1421-1471), reigned as KING HENRY VI from 1422 to 1461, when he fled England. In July, 1465, he was captured, and brought to live in the Tower of London. In May 1471, after the Battle of Tewkesbury, he was murdered.
MARGUERITE D’ANJOU “BITCH OF ANJOU” (1429-1482), Queen of England from 1445 to 1461, when she fled England. In 1471, she was captured by the Yorkists, and in 1475, returned to France. She died in poverty in 1482.
ÉDOUARD, PRINCE OF WALES (1453-1471). Son to Marguerite d’Anjou, and possibly Henry VI of England or Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset. He was killed at the Battle of Tewkesbury in May, 1471.
EDMUND TUDOR, EARL OF RICHMOND (1430-1456), son of Owen Tudor and Catrine de Valois, he was married to Lady Margaret Beaufort and became the father of Henry, Earl of Richmond, later Henry VII, King of England. He died of the plague in 1456.
LADY MARGARET BEAUFORT (1443-1509) daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletsoe. She was married to Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond in 1455, when she was twelve years old. Her only child was Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, born when she was thirteen years old. (See Beaufort).
JASPER TUDOR, EARL OF PEMBROKE (born circa 1431, died 1495), son of Catrine de Valois and Owen Tudor, younger brother of Edmund Tudor. He was an adventurer who was loyal to the Lancastrian cause, and brought up his nephew Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. When Henry Tudor became king, he restored all of his uncle’s lands and titles. In 1485, Jasper was married to Catherine Woodville, formerly Duchess of Buckingham, who was a sister to Queen Ḗlisabeth Woodville.
HENRY TUDOR, EARL OF RICHMOND, (1457-1509), HENRY VII from 1485, he was the son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond and Lady Margaret Beaufort. He won the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, in which Richard III was killed. He married Edward IV’s heiress, Elizabeth of York in 1486, and founded the Tudor dynasty.  He is the father of Henry VIII.
JOHN HOLLAND, 2ND DUKE OF EXETER (1385-1447), the second son of John Holland 1st Duke of Exeter, and Elizabeth of Lancaster, whose father was John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. In 1427, he was married to Lady Anne Stafford and became the father of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter.
ANNE STAFFORD, DUCHESS OF EXETER (died 1432), the first wife of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, she was the mother of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter.
BEATRIX OF PORTUGAL, DUCHESS OF EXETER (1386-1439) was the illegitimate daughter of John I of Portugal and Ines Pires. In 1432, she married John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter and became his second wife. She died in Bordeaux in 1439.
HENRY HOLLAND, 3RD DUKE OF EXETER (1430-1475), was married to Lady Anne Plantagenet, eldest daughter of Richard and Cecylee in 1447. During the Wars of the Roses, he was an enemy of the House of York despite his marriage to Richard and Cecylee’s daughter Nan He was a commander at the great Lancastrian victories at Wakefield, where Richard, Duke of York was pulled off his horse and cut to pieces, where Cecylee’s eldest brother Salisbury was murdered, and where Cecylee and Richard’s 17-year-old son was murdered after the battle in cold blood. In 1475, he served on Edward IV’s expedition to France. On the return voyage he fell overboard and drowned. Some say he was thrown overboard at the command of Edward IV, his erstwhile brother-in-law.

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